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SRSP Physical Infrastructure And Environmental Sanitation
SRSP Mission: The rural poor face many problems that can not be solved by individuals, but require joint efforts for their resolution. Many of these problems relate to physical infrastructure e,g water supply schemes, link roads, water course lining etc. The provision of needed infrastructure often acts as a means of solving a significant portion of community problems, provided the community identifies it as a problem and participate in its execution. Infrastructure not only fulfills the basic need of the community but also acts as a catalyst for institutional development at the grass roots. It does this enhancing the managerial skills of the community and by mobilizing community resources for collective action.
SRSP has always supported the implementation of small physical infrastructure schemes. As part of its strategy for sustainability, SRSP mobilizes communities to maximize their contribution to the costs of the CPIs. SRSP has been contributing to the cost of CPI schemes to demonstrate the capacity of COs in implementing CPI schemes through community participation. SRSP assists communities to undertake CPI schemes by developing linkages with government, donors and private organizations.
Community Physical Infrastructure Initiatives of SRSP
Achievements of Physical Infrastructure Water and Environmental Sanitation
3865 Micro Physical Infrastructure Projects Implemented with a cost of 1.205 Million Pak Rupees benefiting 233,000 Households in different Regions of SRSP.
1625 Projects of Drinking Water Supply Schemes for Rural Communities in Chitral, Mansehra, Kohat, Peshawar, Abbotabad and other Regions
540 projects of 422 million Farm to Market/Link Roads
770 Projects of Sanitation worth Rs 175 million
530 Projects of Construction of Irrigation channels costing Rs 173 Million
Others Projects consist of Mini Dams, Micro hydros. Etc 400 projects 100 million
Community Physical Infrastructure schemes play an important role in poverty alleviation through:
Strengthening grass roots institutions and enhancing the capacity of villagers to make collective decisions and to undertake actions in implementing development projects.
Enhancing the resource base of the rural poor through improvements in irrigation systems, land development, and easy accessibility and approach.
Enhancing the marketing of agricultural products.
Improving access of the poor to basic infrastructure for improving their lively hood.
Efficient and productive use of local human, natural and economic resources.
Raising the productivity of villager’s physical assets and increasing in their incomes.
Improving living conditions by providing basic infrastructure.
Drinking water supply schemes provide safe drinking water as well as release time for women to engage in income generating activities.
Irrigation schemes increase crop yields and livestock productivity.
Transportation schemes such as link roads, bridges , culverts and causeways reduce costs and save time.
Projects In order to be eligible for support from Physical Infrastructure & Water and Environmental Sanitation (PI&WES) projects, beneficiary communities have to meet the following eligibility criteria.
The PI&WES schemes should be in compliance with Pakistan’s laws and regulations relating to health, safety and environmental protection.
The average cost of the scheme should be Rs. 5000,000 generally, however in specific cases the average cost may exceed.
At least 15 households in each community should benefit from the scheme, however in case of sparsely located hamlets, the beneficiary house holds will become equal to the number of households in that particular hamlet and in that case it could be less than 15.
The cost of a scheme should not exceed Rs. 5, 000 per capita.
The proposed project should:
Be equitable (more than 50% of the community/group should benefit from the project.
Be sustainable (with the implementation and maintenance capacity of the community)
Be technically viable Comply with the Environmental Management frame word, established by the World Bank.
Enhance the productive capacity of the community and preferably be income generating in the sense that it reduces the workload on the women. Preferably utilize local and materials and not be capital intensive
Not take more than one year to reach completion. Be free of disputes with the community or with other communities (e.g. land title/ ownership, water/user rights should be clearly defined)
Any organization or its allied community organization that is political, discriminatory, ethnic, sectarian, or exclusionary in any way would not be eligible for funding. The following are the main parameters of the major components of PI&WES Projects.